Care Tips for Seniors Who Have Trouble Swallowing
There’s nothing better than a tall, cold drink on a warm summer day, but for someone with dysphagia, this simple pleasure can be downright dangerous. Dysphagia – or trouble swallowing – affects millions of older adults, due to weakened mouth and/or throat muscles. Alzheimer’s, MS, cancer, and stroke are all culprits as well.
- Coughing, gagging or choking when eating, drinking, or taking medication
- A gurgling sound in the senior’s voice after eating/drinking
Additionally, if you suspect dysphagia in an older family member, ask him or her the following questions – and check with the doctor right away for further guidance:
- Are you coughing or choking when trying to eat or drink?
- Are you having frequent problems with food “going down the wrong pipe?”
- Is food getting caught in your throat?
- Is it taking you longer to eat than it used to?
- Are you losing weight?
If you’re caring for someone who has trouble swallowing, keep these tips in mind:
- Pay attention to posture. Make sure the senior is sitting fully upright, at a 90-degree angle, before attempting to eat or drink.
- Skip the straw. Straws increase the rate at which the liquid goes into the mouth, which can cause choking or aspiration.
- Thicken liquids. Most pharmacies sell thickening powders or gels that should be added to all fluids for those with dysphagia. However, avoid serving jello and ice cream, which change from their thickened form to a liquid in the mouth.
- Keep nutritional needs in mind. Good choices for dysphagia-friendly foods include yogurt, pureed fruits, pureed veggies, pureed beans, and pureed lentils, avocado, soft cheese, and creamy nut butters. Find some simple, dysphagia-friendly recipes here.
- Think through medication administration. Washing down pills with thickened liquid can be difficult. Check with the prescribing doctor and/or pharmacist to see if meds can be crushed and mixed with applesauce or pudding to help them go down easier.
- Timing is everything. The fatigue that accompanies a chronic health condition that causes dysphagia can make it difficult to eat or drink for more than 15 minutes at a time. Try to plan meals around times when the senior is least tired, and have thickened drinks available throughout the day to ensure hydration.
Hired Hands Home Care can help plan and prepare healthy meals and thickened drinks for a senior with dysphagia, and we’ll even pick up all of the ingredients, too! Contact us for a free consultation at (866) 940-4343 and to learn more about our award-winning Walnut Creek senior home care. Visit our Service Area page to learn about all the communities where we provide care.